Periodontal disease, which is also known as gum disease, can lead to a massive loss of teeth. Patients who have advanced gum disease can lose a dozen or even more teeth due to the loss of the gum tissue underneath. The longer a patient waits to get treatment, the less likely that treatment will be successful. Advanced treatment is also more difficult as well for the Dentist and the patient. That is why it is important for Petreikis L D DDS to make sure that patients who has periodontal disease are diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.
First of all, the dentist needs to diagnose the gum disease. This is usually done as patients show up for their periodic dental exams. If there is inflamed gum tissue or bleeding, that is a sign of gum disease. Once signs of periodontal disease has been found, the dentist along with a hygienist will measure the depth of the pocket between the gum tissue and the teeth. If the pocket depth is greater than three millimeters, that is a sign of gum disease. Pocket depth of six or more millimeters is a sign of serious periodontal disease. Depending on the result of this exam, the Dentist will suggest a course of treatment for patients with this condition.
In most cases, a low dose antibiotic medication will be prescribed to help the body fight off the infection and bacteria that has been causing the gum disease. Most patients will need more treatment than that. Many will need to get a deep cleaning. With a deep cleaning, it will be necessary for the hygienist to inject anesthetic just like when a cavity is being filled. This is due to the need for the hygienist to clean below the gum line. Because this procedure is so thorough, it will take more time to complete. Most people get one quadrant cleaned at a time with deep cleaning.
In advanced cases of periodontal disease, outpatient gum surgery may be needed to close the pockets. A modified diet will need to be eaten for a few days. Most can return to work shortly after the surgery. This is usually the final treatment option for those that have advanced gum disease. For more information visit petreikisdental.com.
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